Cultural memory in the museum and its dialogue with collective and individual memory

Merike Lang

Abstract


This article analyses the forms of cultural memory (storage and functio- nal memory) relying on the work of Aleida Assmann and the German cultural memory school (Assmann, 1999; 2004), and their changes in memory institutions in connection with the institution’s dialogue with individual and collective memory. Assmann’s theory is supplemented with museological communication schemes (Hooper-Grenhill, 1996) and a definition of the medium of collective memory (Erll, 2004). The aim of this article is to discuss the effect of functional memory in the context of the mediation work of a modern museum. The article will deal more thoroughly with the functionalizing process of cultural memory in the museum based on a specific pedagogical programme at the Estonian Open Air Museum.


Keywords


Aleida Assmann and the German school of cultural memory; museological communication schemes; the medium of collective memory; pedagogical programme; Estonian Open Air Museum

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5617/nm.3242

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