Coordination of health care in the Nordic countries

  • Tor Iversen Department of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo, Norway
  • Anders Anell School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Sweden
  • Unto Häkkinen Centre for Health and Social Economics (CHESS) at National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
  • Christian Kronborg Centre of health Economics Research (COHERE), Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
  • Thorhildur Ólafsdóttir Department of Economics, University of Iceland
Keywords: health care, regulation, coordination, Nordic countries


Coordination of health care exists at many different levels and in many different forms. We describe the similarities and differences in coordination mechanisms among the Nordic countries. In some respects, the Nordic countries approach coordination problems in similar ways although differences exist. The overall pattern shows that Finland and Sweden have less country-wide coordination compared with the other countries. There are many questions and few answers with regard to which mechanisms work best. Hence, coordination mechanisms in health care seem to be an important area for further research. We outline a few topics for future joint Nordic research in this area.

Published: April 2016.