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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables will be uploaded as separate files, with clear references (e.g. Fig. 1) in the main text and with a List of illustrations, including figure captions with credits to the owners of the illustrations.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Submissions to CLARA are exclusively electronic and contributors are requested to create a CLARA account including name, title, affiliations and (institutional) address.


When you have logged into your CLARA account with the aim of submitting an article, you will be asked to fill in a form with information about your submission. An abstract will be required, as well as keywords.


Manuscripts should be written in English in a Word document and will only be considered for publications when attention is paid to the guidelines listed below. Submissions that are not following the guidelines will not be considered for publications.


Title: Normal script (not bold) (Font 22)


Main text font size 12 Garamond


Spacing: 1,5 lines




Level 1: Bold - Font 12


Level 2: Bold italics – Font 12


Level 3: Italics – Font 12


Level 4: Small Caps – Font 12


Each page should be numbered in the lower centre of the page.


Don’t use Header and Footer.


For all titles and text use always left margin, do not centre any text, and do not use right margin.


Paragraphs should be separated by one space – with start of new paragraph at left margin (no indentation).


Do not hyphenate words at the end of a line, nor justify margins.



Long quotations should be entered as a separate paragraph with line shift before and after the quotation (without quotation marks). Short quotations should be incorporated in the running text – marked with ‘single quotation marks’. ‘If, inside a quotation, the use of quotation marks should be necessary, use “double quotation marks” and finish with a single quotation mark’. 


Bibliography: Each article should be followed by a bibliography containing full bibliographical information about all literature referred to in text/footnotes.   


Reference system:

Abbreviations: follow Oxford Classical Dictionary, see

CLARA uses footnotes font size 10, spacing 1,5 lines, referred to by Arabic numbers. The references should be brief and exact, and are not meant for discussions.


Bibliographical references to monographs should be written like this:


Leighton, R. 2004: Tarquinia. An Etruscan City, London: Duckworth.


Bibliographical references to journal articles should be written like this:


Smith, R.R.R. 1981, ‘Greeks, Foreigners and Roman Republican Portraits’, JRS 71: 24-39.


Articles with two authors should have both listed in alphabetical order at the beginning of the reference, e.g. Smith, R.R.R & Richter, G.


In the footnotes, the reference would be e.g. Smith & Richter 1981.


Articles with more than two authors should have all names listed in the bibliographical entry, whereas the footnote reference should read e.g. Smith et al. 1981


If a book is published in a series, journal, Festschrift, congress acts or similar, use italics for the title of the book. Put the series etc. after the title and between brackets in normal script; here is also entered the volume no. Add (ed.) and (eds) between editor name(s) and year for edited books. Example:


Rydén, L. & Rosenqvist, J.O. (eds) 1993 Aspects of Late Antiquity and Early Byzantium (Papers read at a Colloquim held at the Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul 31 May-5 June 1992, vol. 4). Stockholm: The Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul.


If the book does not have a separate title, use the name of the series, Festschrift, congress, etc. put in italics without brackets.


If a book has no author or editor, only the title of the book, make an abbreviation of the title yourself unless the publication already has a standard abbreviation. Example:


LIMC Lexicon iconographicum mythologiae classicae, 9 double vols., 1981-1997. Zürich and Munich: Artemis Verlag.


If you need to refer to more than one article in a publication (journals excluded), put the mother publication in the Bibliography at its right place, and for each article make a short reference to this one. Example:


Quednau, R. 2007 Silvesterlegende und konstantinische Schenkung. In Demandt & Engemann (eds), 434-443.


Demandt, A. & Engemann, J. (eds), Konstantin der Grosse, Trier: Trier Museum (exhibition catalogue).


Do not use p., pp. or equivalents; avoid f. and ff. or equivalents, make page references with whole numbers, as follows, 123-127, not 123-27, nor 123-7.


Avoid op. cit., ibid., idem, eadem; loc. cit., supra, infra. Make a distinction between the abbreviation of note and number, in English = n. and no.


In the text and references place names should be written in the convention of the language in which the ms. is written, i.e. in English: Florence for Firenze, Venice for Venezia, etc. This is valid also for references to illustrations in a language different to that of the ms., i.e. in English: pl. not Taf. or tav.


Abbreviations of ancient texts: For Greek and Roman authors use the abbreviations of Hornblower, S. and Spawforth, A. 1996 The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed., Oxford, xxix-liv; names and works not listed there should be written in full. For all use of abbreviations, however, it is essential that they are used with care and in such a way that even a non-specialist can easily find out or understand the full meaning. Use Arabic, not Roman numerals for quoted books, chapters etc., e.g.: Hom. Od. 3.141-7; Thuc. 5.36.1; 6.38.1-3.



The illustrations should be numbered consecutively (both on the illustration and in the text), e.g.: Fig. 3 (i.e. in italics). The Fig-captions should be written on a separate sheet. If possible, avoid using double reference systems for the illustrations (i.e. Figs. and Pls.).


References to the work illustrated (e.g. place, museum, museum no., photo no., photographer, from where reproduced) should appear in the captions.


In submitting photographs and drawings the author is required to indicate whether permission to reproduce has been obtained. This is ultimately the author’s responsibility and CLARA requires documented copyright clearance for all submitted illustrations.


A list of illustrations should be included after the bibliography or uploaded as a separate file. The list should include figure captions with credits to the owners of the illustrations.



The authors will receive one proof only. Only corrections against the manuscript will be accepted.






This is the core of CLARA, which has been approved Level 1 by the Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers! The approval guarantees academic quality and high standard dissemination of new research results. The approval also guarantees that the presentation of the articles is in a form that allows the research findings to be verified and/or used in new research.

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